Education for Rohingya refugee children: Save our generation from losing their future

Source from Mulim News UK @ http://www.muslimnews.co.uk/news/news.php?article=17261
19-12-2009

By Muhammad Saifullah

Today, the children of Rohingya refugees are struggling with their future to be saved as they are not recognized as refugees by the both Malaysian government to have access to education and UNHCR as mandated refugees to get resettlement like other refugees. They are marginalized and are languishing in horror situation. Their children are deprived of basic right to education, victims of exploitation and going to be a generation of beggars in Malaysia.

As per we know, two things can destroy a nation, illiteracy and poverty. Unfortunately, if we see the ethnic Rohingya, an estimated literacy rate of the Rohingya children both in home and exile are less than 0.5%. Literacy rate in Malaysia is “0”%.

It is very pitiful situation for the Rohingya community and true that Rohingya nation has lost their future. So, the education is most important to develop to any nation and to know what is the right and wrong things to get the basic rights in the future.

According to statistics issued by UNHCR Malaysia as of last October 2009, about 67,800 refugees and asylum-seekers were registered with the Refugee Agency. Of this figure, 62,000 are refugees from Burma, comprising 28,100 Chin, 16,100 Rohingya, 3,700 Burmese Muslims, 2,900 Kachin and other ethnic minorities.

Based on the available statistics, 51 per cent of the refugees and asylum-seekers were men while women made up 49 per cent. There were 14,600 children below the age of 18.

UNHCR Malaysia said there were also a large number of persons of concern to the agency who remained unregistered and the figure was said to be around 30,000. Believe there is also being a large number of children who are not yet granted refugee status.

The children of the Rohingya community in Malaysia do not have the privilege to study in government schools as they do not have birth certificates or any other official documents. Under the Malaysian Education Act (1966) only three categories of foreigners are permitted to enroll in government schools i.e the children of foreign embassies, children of foreigners who have legal work permits and those who have been granted permanent resident status.

Rohingyas arrived in Malaysia in early 1980s. More than 70% of Rohingya children are of school age. They could enter public schools, but as refugees, they were expelled out from the government school in early 2006, while very few numbers of Rohingya children got chance to study in public school as adopted children of local Malaysian. But still there is no any record a single Rohingya child from refugee community could manage to be a university student ever. Some managed to go through the categorized as “permanent resident,” which means they must pay higher fees, buy their own books and face a lot of red tape. Most cannot afford the extra costs. Access is also restricted as most of the refugee children do not have birth certificates, a legal prerequisite for admission.

The children of Rohingya in Malaysia are not recognized and are at greater risk of statelessness than their parents. Though they get birth certificates but they do not get any right to attend school. In past two decades, our unfortunate Burmese ethnic Rohingya children who have been born and grown up in Malaysia do not have access to government schools although primary school education is compulsory and available free to all in this country. And hence, the stateless children have not been able to develop their knowledge, skills, personality, talents etc.

Approximately there are more than 5,400 Rohingya refugee children in Malaysia are of school age. According to UNHCR report, they have not received basic education due to financial and bureaucratic obstacles. But I believe the main feature is that Rohingya children cannot enroll in public schools because Malaysian law does not recognize their refugee status.

That resulted most of them are working in odd jobs like construction sites, garbage collectors which should be considered as child labor.

Education is backbone of the Nation; Today’s children are tomorrow’s future. Peculiarly, Rohingya children in Malaysia don’t have access to get education. Rohingyas existence as a nation or ethnic group of Burma is depends on their children. Without education they are blind and unable to fight for their future due to lack of knowledge. We can for see what will happen to the Rohingya refugees and their children living in Malaysia if nothing is done to help them?

However, in 1998, Yayasan Salam came up to help to educate some Rohingya children in Kampung Cheras Baru as an implementing partner of UNHCR and that project was terminated in 2000.

From the year 2001, ABIM stood to fund for that school with a view to giving read and writeable education to some 50 children.

Similarly, the UN refugee agency partnered with a non-governmental organization, the Taiwan Buddhist Tzu-Chi Foundation, opened five new education centers within the Klang Valley in 2008, serving some 300 Rohingya refugee children. The project received funding from the United States government, bringing education to the Rohingya community on an unprecedented scale in Malaysia.

Likewise, from January 2008, UNHCR extended a supportive hand to facilitate primary education to the Rohingya refugee children in Tasik Permai, Tasik Tambahan, Taman Muda, Kampung Pandang and Selayang respectively. As per my study, those schools are also not fully equipped.

But those 5 schools are based within klang valley only. Mostly the Rohingya live in Penang and Johor. But their children are still deprived of basic right to formal education. Thanks to a humanitarian NGO, JUMP Network Group, while helping Rohingya children in penang in 3 schools.

Recently there is another school supported by Muslim Welfare Association of Malaysia (PERKIM), a local NGO chaired by Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad, the former prime minister of Malaysia since September 2009. That school is situated in Lamba Jaya, Ampang. There are 3 teachers including a religious teacher and 120 students enroll regular classes. All the expenditures of school and students such as rental, accommodation, text books for children, necessary material are conducted by PERKIM. The sad reality is that two of UNHCR’s five schools closed down as all the students shifted to PERKIM School.

In Johor Baru, there are some schools set up by privet initiative of Rohingya community to educate their own children but due to lack of fund unable to go further and waiting to get any assistance from UNHCR or any GNO to develop school curriculums as minimum standard.

According to strategic country plan by UNHCR, the 2010-2011 UNHCR budgets for the protection of children is USD $209, 825 and for the refugee education in Malaysia is listed USD $1, 555, 717. Rohingya community hope on that issue, UNHCR may set up some more schools for Rohingya children in different places like Klang, Johor and Penang if the decision of government remains unchanged.

In addition, Harvest Centre Sdn Bhd, set up an informal school in Sentul. About half of the centre’s students are Rohingya refugee children. Believed to be Malaysia’s first Montessori school for marginalized children, Harvest Centre was set up in 2004 with seed funding from World Vision and is run on public donations. The school, which has qualified and full-time staffs and a host of volunteers, and entered as an implementing partner with UNHCR but there is not more than 200 Rohingya refugee children studying.

After nearly two decades in Malaysia without education for their children, Malaysia’s 16,100 registered Muslim Rohingya refugees from Arakan state of Burma are especially hungry for formal schooling.

Future Global Network Foundation (FGN) a local NGO has been helping the local coordinators of the Rohingya communities in some settlement areas. FGN only supports 500 ringgits for 12 religious teachers in 9 different education sectors since 2007.

There is another school namely “Darul Uloom Blossom Garden” Kampung Sungai Pinang, Klang, Two teachers are in charge of religious studies; 1 teacher for teaching English, Maths and science. FGN can only support for two religious teachers due to insufficient funds. There is no teacher available for the teaching of Bahasa Malaysia at the moment.

The complaints of Rohingya children have been spread out that most of them are involved in beggar’s path. Why they are begging and what is the main reason behind it? In my study, the key spur is education. So I hope and strongly believe that only education would take the refugee children off the streets and prevent them from becoming a generation of beggars apart from being dragged into being part of the ‘bad hats’.

It is true to be heard that there are two groups of Rohingya children who took to the streets as beggars in Malaysia.

On one side, the children were in the clutches of a triad from some their own ignorant people and local gangs who paid some money to the parents of the children and the children themselves before sending them out to the streets to beg which is believed to be a part of exploitation.

“The other group is that who have no choice but to beg and begging is the easiest form of earning a livelihood on the name selling books”.

A notable example of such inconsistencies relates to the government’s statements regarding Rohingyas in Malaysia In 2004, the Government announced that it would consider regularizing the status of existing stateless Rohingyas in Malaysia, to enable them to legally work and live without fear of arrest from the enforcement agencies… The Rohingya were so glad and hoped their children would be able to attend for public school. However, to date, this policy does not appear to have been implemented.

Issues also arise with regards to the status of the children of Rohingya refugees who are born in Malaysia. Since their parents are undocumented, such children are more often than not, hindered in obtaining birth certificates and other identification documents which would facilitate their access to basic needs including medical care and education.

“To me, the only way to get these people out from the clutches of poverty is through education. We can give them food, for few days or give them money but money is never enough. “We need to empower them, especially the children, teach them how to find out food, not just giving them packets of food, so they can stand on their own two feet and become the master of their own destiny. What if one day we are not here anymore and also the people who are helping them?

“I have been teaching refugee children for 3 years, now in Klang. That school was set up in 2006 by some Rohingyas and still all the expenses are born by the community. The children are great, very responsive and excited to learn but being refugees they are unable to enjoy their full rights to education with full equipments like public schools.

It is satisfying to see the glow on their innocent faces as they respond to my teaching. They also love drawings, playing football and netball.

“They are practically living with no hope, no dreams and no tomorrow, nothing. I am helping them straight from my heart. My goal is, let’s say out of 63 students, if I can get one into university or can get a doctor or engineer; this is already a huge reward for me in my life. May be it will take some time but I am willing to do this forever.

Thus, there is still room for optimism notwithstanding the current plight of refugees in

Malaysia. As long as the authorities accept deficiencies in the current status quo and are willing to engage in dialogue to redress the situation, there is still room for hope. For everyone’s part, we can continue to work to increase awareness of children’s rights, and to encourage the government to adopt comprehensive and long-term refugee children protection policies, beginning with accession to the Child Convention and amendment to relevant immigration laws and other policies affecting refugees in Malaysia. For the time-being, we can also continue to encourage the government to adopt interim measures to alleviate at least some of the problems faced by refugee children, for instance, by encouraging the government to grant registered refugees with the right to seek and obtain employment lawfully, and to have access to basic needs such as shelter, food, healthcare and particularly education.

Malaysia has ratified the Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC) and is thus obligated to protect all children, including migrant, asylum-seekers and refugee children. In the 2007 Concluding Observations of the Committee of the Rights of the Child, the Committee has expressed concerns over various aspects of migrant, asylum-seekers and refugee children including detention.

The Committee specifically recommends the Malaysian Government to stop detention of children in relation to Immigration proceedings and to develop a legislative framework for the protection of asylum-seekers and refugee children.

We would like to request to the Malaysian Government to fulfill its obligation to protect the rights of children, regardless of the child’s citizenship. In addition, the Government is obligated to provide protection to asylum seekers and refugee children as according to Article 22 of the CRC.

We believe the Government will ensure that the refugee children are secured and not subjected to any violence or negligent treatment during arrest and detention and provide basic assistance through formal education.

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2 lakh unregistered Rohingyas being exploited : UN expert She is unhappy at way poverty being fought

UNB, Dhaka
Bangladesh must design an integrated and comprehensive social protection strategy as poverty reduction strategies, particularly the ones related to social safety net programmes, are being implemented in a disconcertingly fragmented manner, said a UN independent expert Thursday.

Magdalena Sepulveda, the UN Independent expert on Human Rights and Extreme Poverty, said poverty remains very high, particularly in rural areas, despite progress in poverty reduction during the last decade.

“Around 40 per cent of the population is still poor of which at least 20 per cent live in extreme poverty,” she said.

Magdalena Sepulveda and another UN independent expert on water and sanitation Catarina de Albuquerque carried out the joint study from December 1 to 10 in some areas of the country. They held a press conference at a city hotel yesterday afternoon to reveal their findings along with some recommendations to the government.

The two experts visited Ralmat Camp, Wapda building and Rupnagar in Mirpur, and Korail and Kamrangir Char in Dhaka, Kutu Palong refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar, Moradnagar and Comilla.

They also had meetings with the Prime Minister and secretaries and high officials of various ministries as well meeting with UN agencies, donor community and civil society organizations.

The duo will present their report on this visit to the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2010.

Magdalena Sepulveda said 200,000 Rohingya refugees live in Bangladesh just outside camps with no registration or legal status which results in their exploitation and inability to access basic services and access to justice as well.

She suggested the government to consider some form of registration for this community with a view to ensuring their protection from exploitation.

Referring to her visit to Rohingya camps in Cox’s Bazar, the UN independent expert on Human Rights and Extreme Poverty said the refugees from Myanmar are living in extremely difficult condition and welcomed the solidarity of the government and the gradual improvement in the refugee camps wherein 28,000 refugees live.

She said Bangladesh has experienced significant economic growth in the past 15 years but the economic growth of the country is not yet reaching its poorest citizens. “Even if poverty indicators point to a decline in poverty, some regions are lagging behind and segments of the population are not reaping the benefits. So, inequality is on the rise.”

Over the last decades, she said, Bangladesh has been recognized for its efforts in poverty reduction through initiatives implemented by the state as well as by civil society organizations, especially in microfinance and social safety net. “However, much more needs to be done to reach the poorest of the poor.”

On slum people, she said the government must provide slum dwellers with security of tenure. “Forced eviction is contrary to the obligations imposed by the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.”

Prior to evicting anyone, she said, the state must explore all feasible alternatives in consultation with the affected people and eviction must not result in individuals being rendered homeless or vulnerable to the violation of human rights.

She emphasized coordination among ministries, civil society organizations and donor agencies as it is essential to realize all components of a social protection strategy which includes ensuring access to social services, providing social assistance like safety nets and protecting labour standard for all.

She felt alarmed by the condition of people living in extreme poverty. Admitting the government’s resource constraint, she urged the international community to continue its support to Bangladesh’s poverty reduction. “Nonetheless, the government can do more within its limited resources to fight extreme poverty.”

Catarina de Albuquerque, the UN independent expert on water and sanitation, said Bangladesh has made substantial achievements in ensuring access to safe drinking water and sanitation to all. “The commitment of the government to ensure safe drinking water for all by 2011 and sanitation by 2013 is laudable.”

Regarding sanitation, she however said though Bangladesh has made great progress but still 64 percent of the population has no access to safe drinking water.

Referring to difficult living condition of slum people, she said rights of slum dwellers must be recognized. “This is not a matter of charity, but a legal entitlement.”

She also expressed unhappiness for the lack of wastewater treatment in Bangladesh saying that faeces, urine and industrial waste are polluting rivers and other surface water of the country, and threatening the quality of drinking water as well as the overall environment.

She suggested the government to continue and strengthen its efforts to identify alternative sustainable water sources in the entire country.

Catarina de Albuquerque urged the government to establish an independent regulator for water and wastewater that would inter alia be component for establishing water tariffs, controlling water quality and ensuring access for all.

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A relationship of difference

Joseph Allchin
Dec 9, 2009 (DVB)–A detained Indian rebel’s confession has opened a window into a fetid, ambiguous relationship between Burma and its western neighbour, as a senior Indian delegation heads to Naypyidaw.

Indian minister of external affairs, S.M. Krishna, will arrive in Burma this week for a BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral, Technical and Economic Cooperation) ministerial conference, with speculation that he will address problems on the troubled shared border.

The trip comes in the wake of a confession by a member of the banned separatist United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) that the group holds bases across the border in Burmese territory. The claim is not new, but his assurance that the group sought refuge in Burma has lead to a painful confirmation: while the Indian government is chasing alliances with their counterparts in Naypyidaw on macro issues, the cross-border trickle of contraband and nuisances has not been stemmed after years of similar, now-clichéd, agreements.

The macro voice boomed last week that trade between the two nations could reach $US1 billion per year, with machines going one way and raw produce the other. These will no doubt be echoed by Mr. Krishna in public, but India’s relationship with her neighbour has been tempered by ambiguity from the generals in Burma. The Indian position is born, it seems, from a no-nonsense sense of commercial and strategic pragmatism; countering China’s hegemony and squabbling for gas.

The open arms that India has extended have not necessarily been matched by Burma. The generals famously have rejected Indian bids for oil in favour of lesser Chinese bids. For Nava Thakuria, a senior journalist based in Assam, “New Delhi has achieved success in convincing Bhutan and Bangladesh to take actions against the ULFA militants. But the [Burmese government] remains clever, as they got almost everything from India with doing little.”

In effect, the two other countries in the neighbourhood have been able to combat India’s thorn, yet Burma’s massive military has not been able to. India it seems is willing to forgive a lot in this race, and it may at some point wonder quite what a superpower in the making was doing kowtowing to what history will no doubt dub a ‘gaspot’ despotism.

The problems, one must suspect, run deeper than the depth of gas bids. The story of these two peoples drawn together inexorably by the colonial administration in India is often one of resentment and racism that persist to this day. “It’s something to do with the colonial legacy” says Aung Naing Oo, a Burmese political analyst. It is an at times bitter, hypocritical resentment, which in the political climate of Burma for the last 50 or 60 years has pervaded the top echelons of power. “The presence of the Indians in the country was considered by the Burmese as the second occupation,” he contends. “That animosity has continued.”

Whilst much of Burmese culture springs from India, not least Buddhism, the country’s rulers and military seem enthralled by a racial superiority complex that has seen ethnic purges, everyday persecution and public racial outbursts. Like anti-Semite Christians, they are purporting to represent Lord Buddha, yet persecute those of his kin.

It is no surprise that by the busy bridge linking Mae Sai in Thailand to Tachilek in Burma, a 42-year-old physics graduate of Indian origin told DVB that he touts for business and commission from tourists now because he receives no favour and is unable to get work from the Burmese authorities. He said that it is because of his skin colour. Kicked out of Thailand a number of times, he skillfully uses four to five different languages in skimming a small living from the trickle of tourists who cross the bridge. In Arakan state in western Burma, the treatment of the Muslim Rohingya population by the military takes it to another level.

India made an about turn in regards to their Burma policy in the early nineties, when they inaugurated a ‘Look East’ policy. In short, it was an attempt to increase trade with the other powerful Asian economies in the face of the collapse of the Soviet bloc, and probably a correct reading of the future of the global economy. But prior to this the Indian government had been staunchly pro-democracy in Burma, with Indian intelligence supporting rebel groups. What is more, the nation awarded opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi one of its highest honours, the Jawarhalal Nehru award. It is named after one of India’s great freedom fighters, a man whom Daw Aung San Suu Kyi no doubt took inspiration from, particularly in her days studying in India.

Aung Naing Oo believes this too is partly why the military government could have propagated an anti-Indian stance. “The Indian support for the prodemocracy movement; that memory has not been lost on the part of the military,” he says.

The nature of the military in Burma means it has a monopoly on political life. It defines itself by its unifying power; its raison d’être is unity. In the post-socialist era the notion of nationalism has become even more entrenched. So whilst there is only one voice, and that voice’s sole political or philosophical position is nationalism for the sake of unity, this doesn’t accommodate sensitivity to other peoples. “There has not been any proper education as to how to treat someone who is different from you, which is the crux of the problem in Burma,” says Aung Naing Oo.

For the military, ‘difference’ is and always has been the big ‘threat’. The Burmese government’s annexation of power came as Karen and Communist forces in the 1960s neared Rangoon, and since then there has been no real appraisal of the diversity that is Burma. Racial or communal divisions are common throughout the world, and Burma is by no means the worst place for the treatment of ‘different’ people. But any society run by the military is likely to represent some regimented, idealised vision of the more conservative end of society. An “imagined notion” as the revered thinker Benedict Anderson would have it.

Whether a small degree of plurality of thought is allowed in the coming years is yet to be seen. Many have speculated that the increase of foreign business would somehow engender progress in Burma, but this has ultimately been proven fallacious.

The fact that the sole voice, the military, preaches unity, means it is not possible to teach diversity due to fear of retaliation. Because the notion of unity, according to a nationalistic definition, is exclusive, the military needs to keep fighting to keep this promised dream alive. This, in turn, will keep that slippery downward slide wet with xenophobia and nationalism. The seeds of thinking about a country from an official perspective, about its peoples and what they mean, need to start somewhere. It could come like lambs dressed as wolves, but ultimately it needs to come not from one sole voice, but from somewhere DIFFERENT.

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Yangon invites investment from Bangladesh

UNB Dhaka: Yangon on Wednesday proposed that Bangladesh set up joint-venture industries and agricultural farms in Myanmar utilizing its huge workforce and Myanmar’s abundant land.

Myanmar Ambassador Phae Tham Oo made the proposal when he called on Industries Minister Dilip Barua at his office and discussed bilateral issues, including Rohingya refugee problem, maritime-boundary disputes and transport facility for mutual benefit.

“If Bangladesh sets up its world-standard industries like textiles, ceramics, medicines and jute in Myanmar through transferring their technology, both the neighbouring countries will be gainer economically,” the envoy said.

He stressed the need for resolving the current disputes between the two countries, including Rohingya refugee problem and maritime-boundary dispute, through mutual understanding.

He stressed strengthening South-South cooperation for enhancing socioeconomic conditions of Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Dilip Barua said the two neighbours would able to develop their industrial sectors through introducing smooth and easy rail-and road-transport networks.

Recalling historical relationship between Bangladesh and Myanmar, he said the Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina-led government was committed to maintaining harmonious and cooperative relationship with neighbouring countries.

“Bangladesh is willing to work together with Myanmar for achieving bilateral socioeconomic development of the two countries,” the minister told the envoy.

He sought cooperation from Myanmar side through playing a positive and comprehensive role at the climate conference in Copenhagen for tackling the impacts of global climate change

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EU to donate Tk 136 cr for Rohingya refugees

Staff Reporter
The New Nation Bangladesh: The European Union (EU) will donate Tk 136 crore to the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) for improving living standard of Rohingya refugees located at two camps in Cox’s Bazar.

The fund would ensure better health, nutrition and life skills to 28,000 refugees in the camps.

Saber Azam, country representative of UNHCR and Stefan Frowein, head of the EU in Bangladesh signed an agreement on behalf of their respective sides yesterday in the capital.

The money will be used to improve safety and security in the camps and help prevent sexual violence through the installation of solar lighting that would allow women to move around safely at night.

Besides, improvements will be made to water and sanitation facilities in the two camps at Kutupalong and Nayapara in Cox’s Bazar.

“The money will help continue improve living conditions of refugees at the two camps,” said Saber Azam.

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Future Looks Bleak for ethnic Rohingya

By Nurul Islam
Source: News from Bangladesh

In Arakan, the Rohingyas have been suddenly made an illegal immigrant community by the Burmese military regime through an amendment to the Burma citizenship law in 1982. With the loss of their legitimate rights as the bonafide citizens of Burma, the Rohingyas have become homeless in their own home. The authority has been subjecting them to severe persecutions including serious restrictions of their movement even from village to village which affected severely on their daily life. The Rohingyas are passing through the darkest phase of their long vicissitude of history in Arakan where they have been living for centuries. Every sensible Rohingya could feel that they have been pushed to the brink of destruction and just needed a final push to fall in the abyss of no return. The Burmese rulers are achieving what they want . They want the Rohingyas educationally backward, economically crippled, socially disunited, politically liquidated and numerically negligible.

No Muslim marriage can be solemnized without official permission which is difficult to obtain even paying handsome bribe. It is because junta takes serious tension over the increasing of Rohingya population in Arakan for why junta is being used its ill-mooted mechanism to keep control over the Rohingya population by imposing restriction on marriage and even new birth which is a clear cut religious discrimination.

Thousands of Rohingya youth that facing unemployment and uncertain future are fleeing Arakan to South-East Asian countries by boat at life risk are being caught by security forces of different countries while on their perilous journey. In 2007 a group of Rohingya youth were rescued by Indonesian and Indian navy while adrift on the sea by Thai navy without engine and food. A good number of Rohingya youth were died due to starvation and thirsty during adrift. The new episode of Rohingyas` flight by boat to foreign lands began since later 2006 as all other means of reaching the desired destinations normally have been blocked. Previously bulk of Rohingya emigrants were destined for Saudi Arabia. However since last few years the Bangladesh and Saudi authorities took stringent measures to prevent travel of Rohingyas to 3rd countries particularly to Saudi Arabia. The new situation in the traveling compelled Rohingyas to chose the sea route as alternate way for searching livelihood even at the risk of their lives. Arakan State is a closed zone for the media and so there is no scope for the world media to cover what is going on with the Rohingyas inside Arakan, Myanmar.

The Buddhist Rakhines and the Muslim Rohingyas are the major ethnic minorities of Arakan and both communities were maintaining peaceful co-existence except occurring minor disputes rarely. But surprisingly riot between the two ethnic groups occurred in 1942 by the instigation of Magh ( Rakhine ) and Burman Leaders due to religious discrimination and political jealousy. Many British soldiers left leaving behind a large number of arms, which easily reached the hand of Maghs ( Rakhines ). The result of the Muslim massacre of 1942 is that, 307 Muslim villages had disappeared from the soil of Arakan. More than 100,000 Muslims were massacred and 80,000 fled to Chittagong and Rangpur Refugee camps.

The Muslim majority area of the east of Kaladan River had turned into a Muslim minority area. But the loss in terms of human civilisation and moral value is much greater. The 1942 massacre gave the scar mark of bitterness in the minds of the two-sister people against one another who, otherwise, peacefully co-existed in Arakan since 1200 years back. As wave of the bitterness, The Rakhines are not ready to recognize the Rohingyas as sons of soil of Arakan and the military junta is taking it as advantage and trying to eliminate Rohingya Muslims from the soil of Arakan by imposing various restrictions on Rohingyas exclusively.

Fencing along Myanmar-Bangladesh border to resist push back: — Twenty years after the November 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall, a repressive barricade is being quietly raised in the jungles of Burma. The Burmese military junta has begun erecting a concrete and barbed-wire fence along its western border with Bangladesh, allegedly to prevent smuggling, but more probably to prohibit the return from Bangladesh of some 200,000 Rohingya migrants — a persecuted Burmese Muslim minority grooup who are now stateless. Burma’s new barrier symbolizes the past five decades of military rule and isolation from the free world. It should also remind the West of the brutal repression of ethnic minorities who abide mass atrocities behind Burma’s barricade.

Rohingya and the 2010 election: The aftermath elections of Burma Independence, the Rohingyas contested in every election and achieved as desired. As per Internation election Law, the only citizens of respective countries could contest in National elections. So, denying the citizenship of Rohingya by amending citizenship act-1982 is a political motivation of military government. The Narinjara News, Arakan published a news on 23/11/2009 that military junta is going to issue “green card†( gest citizen ) to Rohingyas in Arakan just the moment of 2010 election with the purpose of vote casting. This is quite unjust because historically Rohingyas are the citizens of Myanmar for why they are deserving for “ Red Card†as other citizens of Myanmar. Issuing green cards to Rohingyas and campagning in Rohingya villages with the coordination of Rohingya merchants from Yangon is just to exploit the votes of Rohingyas by helping them financially as consolidation. The money that donated to the villagers is collected from Rohingya merchants living in Yangon. But no hope from junta for solution of Rohingya ethnicity issue is hinted to them. Rather the villagers dare not to raise questions on the issue because of fear of retaliation.

Since seizure of power by military dictators in 1962, the scope of raising questions by the ethnic minorities including the Rohingya to their military rulers has become bleaked. Rather the military dictators have reserved rights to take severe action against the ethnic minorites , even killing without verdict or proper allegation. For example the world communities are well aware about the brutalities against Karen from eastern Burma. From 1948 civil war beteen junta and Karen liberation army has been introduced in easter Burma . Seldom the military burnt the Karen villages and killed the villagers for why about 20 Lac Karen and other ethnic people from eastern Burma refuged in Thailand. Similar cases are happening in Arakan of western Burma. Military junta delibrately persecuting Rohingyas by using various mechanisms with the intention of eliminating them from their native land, Arakan. The worst mechanism is rehabilating of Buddhists in Rohingya owned land, even some times evicted Rohingyas to build model villages by using Rohing youth as forced labors for why the Rohingya youth compelled to leave Arakan in search of livelihood because they are the only earning members of their families. To do so, they have to lose lives and face harrasment and harsh treatment in different countries of the world.

Conclusion; After long been observation the prevailing situations of the world`s most persecuted ethnic Rohingya, I have come to assess with grief that the future of the Rohingyas looks bleack. So far, not a single international quarter even a Muslim country come forward to advocate on behalf of this persecuted people. Not only that so far, no Rohingya Legal political Organization is seen engaging to protect the derooted community. It is also realized that both the Rakhine and military junta are rejecting the term “ Rohingya†and they said that Muslims living in Arakan are Bengali and they arrived in Arakan during the british rule for why they are alleged as illegal migrants from Bengal. Their claim is baseless because there are ironic historical backgrounds on existence of Muslims in Araka far before British rule is commenced in Arakan and their allegation against the ethnic identity of Arakan Muslims, “ Rohingya †is also a fabricated and politically motivated depict because during the Democratic government`s rule in Burma Rohingya Language was approved for broadcasting in state Radio daily and Mayu frontier was established exclusively for Rohingya Muslims. However, as long as the military junta exists in Burma, there will be no change in government policy in favor of ethnic minorities including Rohingya until and unless the international quarters pressurize the junta. Nevertheless, the UNSC tried to pass resolutions against barbaric military junta, but all attempts were invain due to patronizing Burma by some big powers for their economic interest. It is a grievous matter that UN is unable to take any action against the world`s longest term ( 47 years ) of barbaric military rule, despite UN was formed to protect humanity and safe guard Human Rights.

Nurul Islam
E-mail: wisdom_peace@ymail.com

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88 people caught for human trafficking, Dewan Rakyat told

KUALA LUMPUR, Nov 30 (Bernama) — Since the Anti-Human Trafficking Act 2007 came into force in February 2008, 88 individuals were caught, 39 were charged in court for offences related to the scourge resulting in five convictions, said Home Minister Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein.

He said the authorities had also conducted probes on allegations of government employees involved in human trafficking of Myanmar refugees.

“So far one case is being prosecuted in regard to this issue,” he said in his written reply to a question from Lim Lip Eng (DAP-Segambut) in the Dewan Rakyat today.

He added that the government viewed human trafficking seriously and had taken various steps besides introducing the act to combat the scourge.

These included the setting up of an Anti-Human Trafficking Council, drawing up of a five-year strategic action plan on the matter and expediting investigations where foreigners were involved in crimes unless it was serious crimes like murder or drug trafficking.

The government also had forged cooperation with regional and international agencies to tackle human trafficking more effectively, especially in regard to Rohingya refugees from Myanmar, said Hishammuddin, adding that the Attorney-General’s Chambers had also set up a legal committee to pore through the Act so that any ambiguties in it could be amended.

Meanwhile, Deputy Science, Technology and Innovations Minister Fadillah Yusof said generally, employees at the Malaysian Nuclear Agency were not given any special guarantees or financial incentives besides those normally provided to civil servants.

However, he said certain employees at the agency classified as radiation workers were eligible for extra 14 days annual leave.

“Those handling research work at the reactor there are also given a special allowance of RM150 a month as they had to undergo special training to be qualified to do this work,” he said when replying to a question from Mohsin Fadzli Samsuri (PKR-Bagan Serai), who wanted to know about the welfare of the workers at the agency.

Fadillah added that stringent health checks were also conducted at regular intervals to ensure workers at the agency were not exposed to radiation.

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